AR 5 Laboratory Loudspeaker
AR LABORATORY STANDARD TRANSDUCER
The AR Laboratory Standard Transducer is designed for those laboratory and commercial applications that require conveniently repeatable, accurately known spectral energy profiles, including one flat profile extending from 30 Hz to 20 kHz.
The AR-LST uses a 12-inch acoustic suspension woofer, four 1%-inch mid-range hemispherical radiators, and four %-inch hemispherical tweeters. The individual speakers are identical with those of an AR-3a system. Crossover frequencies are 575 and 5,000 Hz.
Four mid-range speakers and four tweeters are included in the AR-LST to provide increased power-handling ability. Each of thèse combinations is wired in séries/parallel.
The AR-LST contains an autotransformer with taps at 1-db incréments from 0 to — 6 db. Each of the speakers is connected ( through its crossover filter ) to one pôle of a 3-polc, 6-position selector switch, which is fed by the autotransformer taps, so that the relative output levels can be adjusted as desired. A large capacitor in séries with the autotransformer prevents excessive amplifier loading at subaudible frequencies where the trans- formeras inductive reactance decreases.
Switch position No. 1 provides acoustic power response that riscs slightly as frequency increases; the woofer output is 2 db lower than that of the tweeter. Position No. 2 is the flat energy setting. Positions 3 through 6 provide progressively greater slopes in energy response, with the level of low-frequency output increasing, relative to high-frequency output, by 2 db for each higher numberecl switch setting. In positions 5 and 6 the balance of the AR-LST is approximately the same as that of an AR-3a with its level controls in the suggested "normal" settings.
Output level of the AR-LST mid-range units is held relatively constant for ail of the six balance switch positions so that the overall impression of loudness does not change substantially as the switch position is changed.
Figure 1 shows typical %-octave energy-output curves for each of the switch positions, from 500 Hz through 20 kHz. Below 500 Hz the energy output is influenced by the acoustic environment; the woofer output into a 2n steradian anechoic environment is shown in Figure 3. Because in this frequency range the system is completely nondirectional, the anechoic curve can be used to extend
Figure 1 below 500 Hz when the AR-LST is placed with its back against the middle of a wall. The only differences will be those produced by variations in loading imposed by room reflections. Low-frequency output will be increased above that shown if the cabinet is placed in a corner; it will be decreased if the system is not close to a wall.
Figure 2 shows the impedancc-vs.-frequency characteristics of the AR- LST for each of the six switch positions.
Figure 3 shows the anechoic response of the AR-LST's individual drivers.
Figure 4 shows the low-frequency distortion characteristics of the AR- LST.
Figure 5 is a schematic diagram of the AR-LST crossover network/ switching circuit.
Because the system impédance is increased by the autotransformer at middle frequencies relative to an AR-3a, the apparent efficiency of the AR-LST is lower if both Systems are connected altemately to the same amplifier output terminais. Actually there is no différence in real efficiency, but in order to get the same amount of audio power into an AR-LST at middle frequencies the voltage gain must be greater and the preamplifier volume control setting will hâve to be increased.
The amount of high-frequency power handled by the tweeters in an AR- LST, when its balance switch is set at low numbers, is substantially greater than for an AR-3a tweeter if the Systems are played at the same loudness. Even though the total high-frequency power is divided among four tweeter units, it is necessary to exercise care to prevent excessive high-frequency energy output.
WARNING: A fuse block and fuses are provided with the AR-LST. Under no circumstances should the fuse terminais be bypassed. No fuse other than FNM 2 should be used with this system. Replacement or repairs of speakers in the AR-LST system damaged by excessive power input are not covered by the guarantee.
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